Terraforming Mars is widely regarded as one of the best board games of all time. I hadn’t really put in the time and effort to get to know it until recently. I played a lot of it lately and I try to share my thoughts in this Terraforming Mars Board Game Review.
This article consists of raw facts, overview of the theme, components, rules and gameplay. Near the end, I also take a look at expansions and the digital edition.
And at the very end, I give my verdict. Is it rightly one of the best or is it overrated?
Terraforming Mars Facts
Overall BGG rank: 3rd best board game of all time.
Designer: Jacob Fryxelius
Published in 2016
Players: 1-4, best experienced at 3 and in solo mode.
Playing time: 2 hours, but it depends on player count. Less than an hour for solo play.
Recommended ages: 12+
Price: check here
The Red planet welcomes you
While we’re planning on going back to the Moon and only dreaming of travelling to Mars, in 25th century, space travel and colonizing Mars has become a norm. But in order to make Mars habitable, it has to be terraformed. Oxygen levels and temperature have to be increased. Surface must be filled with oceans, forests and cities.
Even though the project is sponsored by the World Government, different corporations see Mars as a great opportunity to profit and expand.
You play as one such corporation and compete with others for victory points, rewarded for your contribution to terraforming and other infrastructural and scientific advancements.
Theme is one of the strongest points of Terraforming Mars. While it is a pure eurogame, you strongly feel as you’re really on a rock far far away from home, facing all sorts of environmental dangers, while trying to complete projects to make that rock your home.
Main contributor to the atmosphere are unique project cards, which are based on futuristic events. They are believable science fiction, derived from real science. They might not be possible just yet, but you can imagine that with future technology they will be.
To add to the immersion, cards are equipped with relevant imagery. They do seem somewhat out of consistency though. They’re not art, they’re just images.
The quality of components is OK. Not bad, but nothing to write home about either.
But I can’t help to think, that there is so much more potential in this area. Player mats are just cardboard and placing those marking cubes is imprecise. God forbid, someone accidentally bumps it. Game over.
Frankly, the components could use an overhaul and would bring the appeal of the game to the top-level. Maybe a revised ultimate edition including all the expansions will come in the future? One can dream …
How the game works
You start the game of Terraforming Mars by picking a corporation (12 corporations included in the base game) and your starting project cards, both from a number of pre-drawn options. The initial draw is very important and will show you the general direction your play should go.
Corporations itself differentiate a lot: their starting capital and abilities give them a character and you can’t play them all the same way.
After that, you pretty much have no restrictions (apart resources) to what to do. You can place oceans, forests and cities as standard projects. Crash an asteroid to increase temperature of the planet. Or do it the natural way and build a power plant instead, increasing the heat gradually.
But building just standard projects would get boring pretty soon. Each generation (round), you will have a chance to reserve project cards (you normally choose from four). Reserving them costs money, so choose carefully. These special projects can make or break you. They are expensive to build, but offer substantial rewards. For examples, check the pictures.
Spend your money on those, that are going to complement the way you play and give you what you need or you’ll be throwing money out of the window. And money is always scarce. You get it before every generation, together with other resources: building materials (that act as discounts when building projects), plants, energy and heat.
Each resource has two values: what you have and what you gain. You can increase both, so engine building is a big thing in Terraforming Mars. Your initial generations will be short, while later you’ll be able to chain together several powerful actions and transform Mars significantly in just one generation.
Every time you change the surface, your terraforming rating (TR) increases. This is important, because TR is the basis of your money income per generation plus it is the base score for end game scoring. Any projects, standard or special, that increase it, are very valuable.
Further adding to the final score are Milestones and Awards (things you achieved, like having 3 cities, highest TR etc.), your cities (surround them with forests for more points) and all the points you got from project cards (there are projects that give victory points directly).
Combined end-goal of all the corporations is to terraform Mars: max out oxygen and temperature meter and place 9 ocean tiles. When this is achieved, game ends.
With a couple corporations altering the planet, terraforming will be achieved pretty soon. Therefore, your focus should be to maximize your points. Raise your TR, place cities and forests wisely and make good use of project cards.
Solo mode is the cherry on top
In single player mode, however, the situation is turned upside down. You are the only corporation now and you have to full terraform in 14 generations. This is a very tight schedule and you must optimize your engine from gen 1. Focus on essentials: use standard projects and only take project cards when you are sure they will benefit you more than a standard project.
You will be thin on finances as it is: planting forests for oxygen, placing oceans, building power plants or crashing asteroids for temperature. If you manage to complete all this and still have enough to build cities and purchase “luxury” project cards, then you are far better player than me.
It’s one of the more challenging solo modes and that’s why I like it. First couple of times I played, I was so far away from completing the terraforming process, that I was sure there is something wrong with the setup, rules or the game. But the mode is beatable and when you finally make it, it feels great.
I’d even go further and say that the solo mode is the main attraction of Terraforming Mars. Multiplayer is not bad, but next to a comparable engine-builder like Scythe, it is nothing memorable.
But the pace, balance and suspense they managed to achieve with solo play is head and shoulders above the rest. Duration is perfect at 50 minutes, a third of that with the digital edition.
There is no room for errors and come 14th generation you’re always on the verge of (not) succeeding. I still can’t believe how Jacob Fryxelius managed to create such an “on the knife’s edge” experience with it. Honestly, I can’t decide whether it was a fluke shot or a touch of genius.
Large repertoire of projects waiting to be built
While the game mechanics are of medium complexity, what puts Terraforming Mars one notch higher, are all the correlations and inter-dependecies. Energy gets converted to heat, you can convert plants to forests, there are rules where tiles can be placed etc.
But projects take the crown. There are 208 in the base game and even after several games you will encounter new. Several require a temperature, oxygen or tag (meaning you’ve already build a number of related projects) prerequisite.
They can alter your resource income, add special actions (like placing oceans cheaper, paying to increase your TR, adding resources on themselves for extra VP), place special tiles (mines, factories, nuclear zones …), harm your opponents, the list is endless.
Understanding them and knowing when to build a certain project takes some experience and a new player against a regular will be crushed heavily. But these project cards are what keeps the game fresh and diverse even after dozens of plays. Of course, they add an element of luck, but I don’t mind that.
Luck is usually not a game-deciding thing. But if it is too much for you, you can play by “draft” rules, that further reduce the randomness to the way the cards are drawn. The draft mode does increase the play time a bit, though. It’s a trade-off and personal preference.
Terraforming Mars Expansions
So far, Terraforming Mars has received five expansions. First four are smaller (and cheaper) and enrich only a certain aspect of a game, the fifth is slightly larger and also alters gameplay the most. All the expansions can be combined in any variation, giving you the freedom to mold Terraforming Mars to your liking.
Expansions are not recommended until you get well familiarized with the base game as they do increase the complexity a bit. Get the base game first and build up from there.
- Hellas & Elysium introduces a new double-sided playing board with two new maps. Hellas is based around the south pole region and Elysium around the Olympus Mons and Elysium Montes. Maps feature different ocean layouts and bonuses making them a very welcomed alternative to the original board.
On top of that, each map comes with it is own Milestones and Awards.
- Venus Next adds an extra playing board on the side, the Venus. Venus has a much smaller colonizing and terraforming potential than Mars, therefore the new side board only has a few slots. 49 project cards, 5 corporations, one extra milestone and award are included.
- Prelude‘s main feature are 35 prelude cards which offer initial boosts to your corporation or terraforming process. They offer more variability and choice in the early game. 5 new corporations and 7 project cards are included.
- Colonies expand your reach in the outer solar system. It comes with 11 colony tiles on which you can build your colonies and send trade fleets to. 5 new corporations and 49 project cards are included.
- Turmoil is the latest and largest expansion. It brings focus back to Mars, introducing Global Events (like dust storms and riots) which you have to tackle.
But the main feature is the Terraforming Committee, which adds a whole new layer of political gameplay. Delegates, parties with their bonuses and influence with which you can affect Global Events.
Turmoil is the ultimate expansion, targeting the most experienced Terraforming Mars players and giving them an extra tool to interact with each other.
I don’t know if creators plan to add more expansions or not, but again, boy would I like to see a big box ultimate edition with all the above in it!
Terraforming Mars Digital Edition
Steam edition was my first point of contact with Terraforming Mars. It’s an excellent port of the tabletop edition, with some aspects improved.
- Graphics are a lot nicer than in tabletop version. Forests, cities and oceans look alive and you feel as you’re on Mars even more.
- User interface is excellent. You always see your resources and income clearly, cards are easy to manage, as are standard projects, awards and milestones. Checking other player is a click away.
- You can play against bots, which are quite capable, hotseat mode or online.
- Again, solo mode takes the crown. It’s even more appealing in the digital edition, since the gameplay is much smoother and faster. You can finish a game in 15 minutes, so you can play several games. With no manual fiddling, you can really focus on making the right decisions, practice and try different approaches.
- Only the base game is available, no expansions. That’s a bummer.
- Price is actually not that low, so definitely wait for a sale.
I do recommend the digital edition. It’s so easy to hop in and play a quick game in the same time it would take you to set-up a tabletop version. It’s an excellent tool to get acknowledged with all the corporations and project cards.
So, Is Terraforming Mars worth your money? Answer is triple yes. Tabletop edition, expansions, digital edition. They are all great value and I can only recommend them.
Is it one of the best games of all time? Hard to decide on that one. I’d say yes, but not really a top 3, more like somewhere in the top 10. It’s an excellent game, but so are many others. I guess it comes down to personal preference when you try to rank all those excellent games and everyone’s list will be slightly different.
What do you think about Terraforming Mars? I’d love to hear your opinion in the comments below.