Twilight Struggle Review: Board Game and Video Game

Twilight Struggle, a two-player Cold War simulator is occasionally available on Steam for a few euros. I tried it out and make my Twilight Struggle Review: Board Game and Video Game.

Twilight Struggle Review: Board Game and Video Game

The review will focus on the video game version of Twilight Struggle, but I’ll make comparisons with the tabletop version along the way, so you’ll get a feel for what makes them similar and different. I do not own the tabletop version – when you read the article, you will understand why.

Theme and Setting

“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” Winston Churchill, 1946

Twilight Struggle Review Board Game and Video Game main board view
View of the game board.

Not many board games are as focused on the theme as Twilight Struggle. It’s soaked in the Cold War, through and through. Art, atmosphere, events, and the board are made around the theme, not the other way around.

You’ll be playing as a leader of one of the superpowers: the United States or the Soviet Union. Your task is to dominate the world: by spreading your sphere of influence, interfering in nations’ internal affairs, using historical events (like the Cuban crisis or the Korean War) to your own benefit, and competing in the Space Race on the side.

No direct war between players is possible – unless nuclear war happens, which means it’s game over. You’ll be making your 45-year-long duel (unless you win or lose sooner) on the map of the world, using other nations as pawns in your grand game of manipulation, intrigue, and deception.

Twilight Struggle Facts

Players: 2 players only.

Playing time: 120-180 minutes for the tabletop version, and 30-60 minutes for a digital game against AI.

Average rating (according to BGG): 8.3/10

Complexity rating (BGG weight): 3.57/5

Recommended ages: 14+

How It’s Played – The Rules

By game mechanics, Twilight Struggle has easy-to-understand fundamentals. It’s made of 10 turns, and in every turn, you will play out several action cards one by one, which are all unique and based on historical events. There are both USA and USSR-associated events, as well as neutral events. That’s where the complexity comes from – every event is historically unique and unique in what it does.

Twilight Struggle Review Board Game and Video Game de gaulle card

For every card, you will have the option to use its operational value for influence (increasing your influence in certain countries) or play out the event, which can have all sorts of benefits. If the event is one-time, the card will be removed from the game after that – if you use it for influence, it will get discarded and re-shuffled later on.

You can even use your opponent’s event cards for influence, but in this case, the event will play out automatically. The trick is to use a certain card at just the right moment so that the opponent doesn’t benefit too much.

Influence over countries and regions

Occasionally you will draw a scoring card for a certain region – these must be played until the turn ends. Comparison over the region’s control will be made and one of the powers will get victory points, depending on how much they dominate.

You want to play scoring cards, when you have as much control over the region as possible, of course. On the other hand, if the enemy is focusing his influence on Asia, there’s a good chance he has the Asia scoring card, so you better not neglect that.

Besides events and influence, you will also have the option to initiate a coup. This is a very powerful action, that can flip the allegiance of a nation instantly, but can also lower the DEFCON status – if you’re the one to initiate the nuclear war, you lose!

Twilight Struggle Review Board Game and Video Game coup
Going for a coup, the game will tell you what your odds of success are.

For a more peace-loving player, there is an option to invest the cards into Space Race, which gives its own useful benefits, as well as victory points. It’s the only way to play your opponent’s card if you don’t want his event to occur.

Twilight Struggle Review Board Game and Video Game space race

” … We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard … ” JFK, 1962

Placing influence and playing out events are pretty straightforward. But, when realigning influence, going for coups, or the space race, you will be obliged to throw dice to decide the outcome. But you can somewhat tip the chances in your favor by playing smart.

Victory Conditions

As said, victory points are based on influence (presence, domination, and control) in regions and other factors (Space Race or certain event cards). For victory, you need to:

  • have 20 more victory points than your opponent or
  • because Europe was pivotal in the Cold War, you win immediately if you control it when the Europe scoring card comes up (which is very hard to do) or
  • the opponent initiates the nuclear war.

As turns advance, played events from the event deck will get removed and ones from Mid-war and Late-war will get shuffled in, which symbolizes the passing of time nicely and fits in the context perfectly. But it’s not easy to make it into Late-war, games will usually end sooner.

“Mister Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” Ronald Reagan, 1987

If the game drags out all the way to the fall of the Berlin wall, endgame scoring is used to determine the winner.

Twilight Struggle Board Game

Designed by Ananda Gupta and Jason Matthews, Twilight Struggle was originally released in 2005 and received an updated Deluxe Edition in 2009. It’s ranked number 14 (late 2022) on the overall BGG ranking, and number two among wargames.

It does fall slightly behind (modern games) in terms of component quality, but the fact that we’re still talking about it more than a decade later is proof that it has stood the test of time and become a modern-day classic.

Twilight Struggle Review Board Game and Video Game china card

The Tabletop version comes with a great 32-page rule book, where the last ten pages are nothing but historical material about the in-game events. Frankly, I learned more about the Cold War from the rule book than in school.

If you have someone to play against and enough time, this is one of the best back-and-forth two-player games. The immersion level is very high, and you’ll feel like great leaders immediately (and start quoting JFK or talking with a Russian accent). Highly recommended by critics.

Click here to read more about the Twilight Struggle board game

Twilight Struggle Video Game

Twilight Struggle Review Board Game and Video Game chernobyl

In 2016, the more accessible of the two was released – the video game. It’s a lot cheaper, plays faster and you don’t need a sparring partner. Let’s see its features in more detail:
  • As is usually the case with Asmodee Digital games, Twilight Struggle is fully ported. Everything that is in the tabletop version, is also here and all the rules are exactly the same.
  • The theme looks great and the sound effects (with politicians speaking in the background, “spy” sounds, etc.) are fantastic. Immersion is great, I almost longed to be alive during the era (well, I was actually alive for the last couple of years of the Cold War, living just behind the iron curtain).
  • The user interface is very functional, all the buttons are where you expect them to be, although sometimes it demands a couple of clicks too many for a simple thing.
  • One thing that every digital version has problems with, is the feeling of holding the cards in your hand and moving the components by hand. This problem is also present here. It’s just not the same.
  • The games are a lot faster (no need to keep track of all the rules), so you can play more of them in the same period. This also means you will learn much faster, especially about those late-war events, that you will otherwise encounter less frequently.
  • The AI is somewhat slow. I have no idea why it has to take 15 seconds to make a move (yes, I have a very powerful PC). It’s very competent, though. It will make counter-plays to yours, knows when to play certain events, scoring cards, and so on. Definitely, a tough nut to crack.
  • Turn Zero DLC is available, but not included with the base game.
  • With the current price of just under 10€, I suggest you wait for a sale and get it for half of that. It’s definitely good value for money.
  • Online multiplayer is surprisingly populated and it’s easy to find a game. You don’t have to be online for the whole sitting (you can, if you are both online at the same time) – you make your move and you can close the game until your opponent makes his, to which you will be kindly informed by email.

How Does Twilight Struggle Feel Playing

Twilight Struggle Review Board Game and Video Game korean war

I’m going to be brutally honest here: in order to fully enjoy Twilight Struggle, you’ve got to fulfill some conditions:

  • You need to be a history enthusiast, specifically enthusiastic about the Cold War and the events around it. If you don’t like that part of history, there’s no point in getting Twilight Struggle.
  • The game is hard, sometimes frustratingly so. There are a lot of things you would like to do, but you can only ever play one card. You’re pushing for influence in a region and then your opponent comes in with a well-timed event, a coup, or just a lucky dice roll, and wipes all your hard-earned progress in a heartbeat. (But you’ll do those nasty turnovers to your opponent as well.) It can be really demoralizing (and not much fun, to be honest). You were warned.
  • With events hugely differentiating in power, it feels like you’re not in control of what you do. Luck plays quite a factor – the variance is high.
  • If you’re willing to accept all this and have a sparring partner, that accepts them too (or you play against the AI), congratulations. You’re in strategic Cold War heaven.

“I can deal with Stalin. He is honest but smart as hell.” Harry Truman, 1945


I want to end this on a positive note because the game deserves it. It’s a very good two-player war game with a lot of strategic options and paths to pursue. The educational factor/historic accuracy is exceptional, as already mentioned.

For me, it lacks the fun factor slightly, but as far as I understand, the Cold War itself was not a very fun event, so in that regard, I understand that the authors wanted to catch that atmosphere.

And they succeeded in doing that, which is probably the greatest compliment I can give to Twilight Struggle.

If you would like a board game, set in a fictional post-war Europe, check out Scythe.

For more political games, check out 5 Best Civil War Board Games

Check out 7 Wonder Duel, another 2-player only strategy game.

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Twilight Struggle


Theme and Art


Game Mechanics


Replay Value


4 thoughts on “Twilight Struggle Review: Board Game and Video Game”

  1. Hallo there Vasilij, 

    I have to say that this is one of the most comprehensive review of the Twilight Struggle. I had to appreciate that first. 

    The game is something I have been hearing my friends talking about and it has really gotten my attention to the point of wanting to know well what it is all about.

    The fact that they have a pretty accurate historical theme and the events that happened decades ago is somewhat interesting as I have been a huge history enthusiast.

    I think I am going to try out the video game and see how it feels for me.

    Thanks for giving me the kind of picture I wanted on the game. I feel like I know it very well, inside and out. Keep up the good work here.

    • Thanks for the comment. 

      Starting with the video game is the path I would recommend and go to board game from there, if you really like it.

  2. The Cold War has always been a fascinating period of history for me and I’ve always loved reading about the struggle between the two superpowers. The fact that there is a game called Twilight Struggle which centers solely around the Cold War has me excited. It definitely seems like a very complex game because of the way you described how it is played, but I think I would enjoy it. I’m glad there is a video game version, but it is solely for PC or can you get the game on home consoles also? Would you say that the Cuban Missile Crises part of that game could be the most complex part of it? I ask that because it can easily turn into nuclear war if you’re not careful.

    • It’s not available for consoles, unfortunately. However, you can get it for iOS or Android, so you get a chance of trying if you don’t own a PC.

      Twilight Struggle is not specifically about the Cuban Missile Crisis. It’s among the events, of course, but just one of them. The trick is that you never know how the alternate history in your game will evolve. Such crisis might arise in a totally unexpected country (maybe Canada?) and it might end badly – with a nuclear war.

      And that’s the charm – creating your own history.


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